1941 De Havilland DH82C Tiger Moth CF-TBS
The DH 82 Tiger Moth was the last in a long line of biplanes built by the DeHavilland Aircraft Company Ltd. The Tiger Moth first entered service with the Royal Air Force in 1931 and became the standard elementary trainer for the next two decades.
The RCAF adopted the type in 1938 and it also became the standard ab initio trainer at the Canadian elementary flying training schools under the British Commonwealth Training Plan.
Canadian production aircraft differed from the British versions and featured a two piece cowling, heated cockpits, and large sliding canopies. A shortage of the original 145 hp Gipsy Major engines further led to some Canadian versions being equipped with 160 hp Menasco Pirate engines and this sub-type was often referred to as a Menasco Moth. The type was generally well liked by pilots and could be used for aerobatic training as well as blind flying instruction.
Manufacturer: De Havilland Aircraft Canada
Power Plant: One 145 hp Gipsy Major or one 160 hp Menasco Pirate in-line piston engine
Performance: Max Speed: 109 mph (175 kph) Cruising Speed: 93 mph (150
Weights: Empty: 1,115 lb (506 kg) Maximum Take-off: 1,770 lb (813 kg)
Dimensions: Span: 29 ft 4 in (8.94 m) Length: 23 ft 11 in (7.24 m)
The de Havilland DH-82C is a direct successor to the DH.60 Moth and can be considered as one of the most popular trainers ever built! It was first flown in 1931 and was quickly pressed into RAF and RCAF service where 4,200 were delivered. An additional 3,000 were also built in Australia, Canada and New Zealand.
The Tiger Moth is descended from a design outlined and financed by Alan S. Butler which became the DH37 and saved the de Havilland company from bankruptcy. The next step in the lineage was the DH53 Humming Bird. The Humming Bird proved to be too small and under powered an airplane for serious touring, so de Havilland turned to the type 51. The DH51 was built around the surplus RAF 1A engine, which was supposedly selling for only £ 1 (about $3 at the time) each. The 51's had problems with civil certification and it was felt that the airframe was too large. Using these previous experiences to build a reasonably priced and practical private aircraft, Geoffrey de Havilland sketched out the design of a new type, the DH60 which he insisted be given the name "Moth". The Moth was powered by the cheap and reliable Cirrus engine which developed some 60 horsepower, had differential ailerons, was built from wood, and had a range of over 300 miles at a cruising speed of 80 mph. And that's not all, the Moth's wings could be folded back along the fuselage and the whole aircraft stored in a garage!
"The Tiger Moth is aerodynamically typical of most biplanes of the period (anyone reading this has more knowledge of aerodynamics than the manufacturers of that era). The Tiger Moth is unstable about its lateral axis and as such, requires constant attention. In addition, its narrow gear helps to ensure that every landing is an adventure, particularly in a crosswind. It was often said by graduating pilots that one should first fly Spitfires, then graduate to the Tiger Moth! Nonetheless, flying the Tiger Moth is an exhilarating experience and it is quite easy to fly (but difficult to master). It has only one small set of ailerons and its roll rate is rather timid. Powered by the very reliable and sweet sounding Gipsy Major engine, it is very reliable and economical to fly."
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Last updated on March 10, 2006
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